Impact of Women Empowerment on Fertility Preferences in Pakistan


  • Naeem Akram Ministry of Economic Affairs, Islamabad, Pakistan.



Women Empowerment, Education, Awareness, Fertility


Reproduction is an important aspect of a women's life, unfortunately in Pakistan fertility rates are quite high in comparison to other developing countries as well as in comparison to the other South Asian countries. Different studies have suggested that women empowerment can help reduce fertility rates. The present study has attempted to analyze the role of women empowerment along with other socioeconomic indicators on three different dimensions of the fertility behavior i.e. number of children born (current fertility status), ideal number of children and birth intervals (future fertility status. Data of Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) 2012-13 has been used. The analysis consists of two levels, at level one a descriptive analysis is carried out. As three different aspects of fertility are the count data. Therefore at the next stage models will be estimated by using poison regression technique and Incidence Rate Ratios (IRR) are reported. It has been found that women’s being empowered in financial matters, seeking health care and in household decision making are helpful in reducing fertility. Furthermore, participation in job by women, living in urban areas, having secondary or higher education, access to awareness created by the media, married at higher age are also significant factors in reducing fertility. However, women facing incidence of miscarriage or death of a child tends to increase the fertility. Study had found that wealth of the household, education of husband and having sons have very limited role on the fertility behavior.

Author Biography

Naeem Akram, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Assistant Chief




How to Cite

Naeem Akram. (2022). Impact of Women Empowerment on Fertility Preferences in Pakistan. Journal of Economic Sciences, 1(1), 22–32.